The Joint Road Map for radiation protection in Europe was developed during the EU-funded CONCERT project. Its aim was to provide the highest level of European radiation protection. The EU-funded PIANOFORTE project will continue the work by improving radiological protection of the public, patients, workers and the environment in all exposure scenarios. PIANOFORTE will provide solutions and recommendations for optimised protection in line with the International Basic Safety Standards for Protection Against Radiation. PIANOFORTE will prioritise medical applications considering that medical exposures are the largest artificial source of exposure and that a top priority of the European Commission is the fight against cancer.